Cognitive computing, also known as cognitive technology, encompasses a range of advanced capabilities that enhance traditional computing systems' problem-solving and data analysis capabilities. It leverages reasoning, language processing, machine learning, and human-like abilities to enable computers to handle complex decision-making processes. By learning patterns, and behaviors, and continuously improving its intelligence, a Cognitive computing system can tackle intricate tasks effectively.
Key Attributes of Cognitive Computing:
A Cognitive computing platform utilizes machine learning and pattern recognition techniques to adapt and make sense of various types of information, including unstructured data like natural speech. The following attributes, established by the Cognitive Computing Consortium in 2014, are typically found in Cognitive computing systems:
Adaptive Learning: Cognitive systems must be able to process rapidly changing data and information to fulfill evolving goals. They analyze dynamic data in real time and adjust their behavior accordingly, ensuring they remain responsive to the surrounding environment and data requirements.
Interactive: Human-computer interaction (HCI) plays a vital role in cognitive machines. Users interact with the system, set parameters, and make adjustments as needed. Furthermore, cognitive technology interacts with other devices, processors, and cloud platforms to facilitate seamless communication.
Iterative and Stateful: Cognitive computing systems possess the capability to identify problems by asking questions or retrieving supplementary data to enhance incomplete or vague queries. They achieve this by storing information about related situations and potential scenarios, enabling iterative problem-solving processes.
Contextual: Contextual understanding is a fundamental aspect of Cognitive computing systems. They must identify, comprehend, and my contextual data such as time, syntax, domain, location, requirements, and user-specific tasks, profiles, or goals. These systems leverage multiple sources of information, including auditory, visual, and sensor data, as well as structured and unstructured data.
Applications of Cognitive Computing:
Cognitive computing finds application in various fields, including business, education, healthcare, and more. It employs technologies like signal processing and machine learning to facilitate interaction with humans. For instance, customer support bots and personal digital assistants like Siri or Alexa utilize Cognitive computing techniques to assist users. While their responses may be pre-programmed and limited, advancements in the field are gradually enabling more sophisticated and emotionally intelligent interactions.
In the healthcare industry, IBM's Watson for Oncology utilizes natural language processing and advanced cognitive algorithms to help doctors determine the best treatments for cancer patients. Similarly, companies like North Face have employed Cognitive computing solutions to enhance the online shopping experience by providing personalized recommendations to customers.
Benefits of Cognitive computing:
Cognitive computing offers several valuable benefits, such as the ability to extract meaningful insights from complex data. In today's competitive landscape, where companies are inundated with vast amounts of data, Cognitive computing technologies like Sisense's BI platforms play a crucial role. These platforms utilize Cognitive computing techniques, including natural language processing (NLP), to communicate data analytics in a conversational manner. By presenting insights in easily understandable language, Cognitive computing minimizes misinterpretations and provides objective analysis to both technical and non-technical users.
Disadvantages of Cognitive computing:
While Cognitive computing holds immense potential, it's important to consider its limitations and exercise caution when implementing the technology. One such concern is the security risks associated with handling large amounts of data, as cognitive systems may be vulnerable to breaches. Additionally, the complex nature of Cognitive computing necessitates significant development time, making it challenging for smaller development teams to integrate these processes into their applications.
Cognitive computing is poised to bring about transformative changes in various aspects of our lives. From enhancing the customer experience to improving manufacturing processes and ensuring public safety, the applications and possibilities are vast. Embracing the power of Cognitive computing can lead to significant advancements in businesses, education, the environment, and overall quality of life.